Citing pandapipes

A paper describing pandapipes and how it is used for the simulation of multi-energy grids has been published in the Special Issue “Developing Multi-Energy Systems: Technologies, Methods and Models” of the MDPI Journal Sustainability. Please acknowledge the usage of pandapipes by citing this paper:

You can use the following BibTex entry:

AUTHOR = {Lohmeier, Daniel and Cronbach, Dennis and Drauz, Simon Ruben and Braun, Martin and Kneiske, Tanja Manuela},
TITLE = {Pandapipes: An Open-Source Piping Grid Calculation Package for Multi-Energy Grid Simulations},
JOURNAL = {Sustainability},
VOLUME = {12},
YEAR = {2020},
NUMBER = {23},
URL = {},
ISSN = {2071-1050},
ABSTRACT = {The increasing complexity of the design and operation evaluation process of multi-energy grids (MEGs) requires tools for the coupled simulation of power, gas and district heating grids. In this work, we analyze a number of applicable tools and find that most of them do not allow coupling of infrastructures, oversimplify the grid model or are based on inaccessible source code. We introduce the open source piping grid simulation tool pandapipes that—in interaction with pandapower—addresses three crucial criteria: clear data structure, adaptable MEG model setup and performance. In an introduction to pandapipes, we illustrate how it fulfills these criteria through its internal structure and demonstrate how it performs in comparison to STANET®. Then, we show two case studies that have been performed with pandapipes already. The first case study demonstrates a peak shaving strategy as an interaction of a local electricity and district heating grid in a small neighborhood. The second case study analyzes the potential of a power-to-gas device to provide flexibility in a power grid while considering gas grid constraints. These cases show the importance of performing coupled simulations for the design and analysis of future energy infrastructures, as well as why the software should fulfill the three criteria.},
DOI = {10.3390/su12239899}


About pandapipes

The following publications discuss the tool itself and implementation details:

  • D. Cronbach, T. M. Kneiske, Development of a Simulation Environment For Analyzing Multi-Energy Networks, 14th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, 2019.